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APA Help (7th Ed)

References: Films, Videos, TV Shows

Motion Picture / Film / Video / DVD


Last Name, First Initial. (Director). (Year). Title [Explanatory Note]. Production Company.


Donen, S. & Kelly, G. (Directors). (1952). Singin' in the rain [Film]. Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer.

In-Text Citation: (Spielberg, 1998)

Spielberg, S. (Director). (1998). Saving Private Ryan [Film]. Dreamworks Pictures; Paramount Pictures; Amblin Entertainment; H2L Media Group; Mark Gordon Productions.

In-Text Citation: (Donen & Kelly, 1952)

Jackson, P. (Director). (2012). The Hobbit: An unexpected journey [Film; two-disc special extended ed. on DVD]. Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer; New Line Cinema; Wingnut Films.

In-Text Citation: (Jackson, 2012)

Online Video (YouTube, Vimeo, Etc.)


Author’s Last Name, First Initial(s). (Date). Title [Video]. URL


Braxman, R. (2019, February 26). What is the best browser for internet privacy? [Video]. YouTube.

Ted Talk


Author. (Date). Title [Video]. Source. URL


Tompkins, K. (2020, April). Let’s make the world wild again [Video]. TED Conferences.

TED. (2016, April 6). Tim Urban: Inside the mind of a master procrastinator [Video]. YouTube.



Author. (Date). Name of webinar [Webinar]. Name of Organization. URL


Dale, L. & Fink, M. (2020, May 5). Data for decision making [Webinar]. Infopeople.

TV Show (Web Episode)

TV Series


Names of Executive Producers (Executive Producers). (Year range of show). Title [TV Series]. Production Company(s).


Schur, M., Miner, D., Sackett, M. & Goddard, D. (Executive Producers). (2016-2020). The good place [TV Series]. Fremulon; 3 Arts Entertainment; Universal Television.

Note: If the series is still airing, use present in place of the second year in the range. Separate the names of production companies with a semicolon.

TV Series Episode


Contributor names (Roles in parentheses). (Date of episode). Title of episode (Season number, Episode number) [TV series episode]. In First Initial(s). Last Name(s) (Executive Producer), Title of Series. Production Company or Companies.


Schur, M. (Writer), & Goddard, D. (Director). (2016, September 19). Pilot (Season 1, Episode 1) [TV series episode]. In M. Schur, D. Miner, M. Sackett, & D. Goddard (Executive Producers), The good place. Fremulon; 3 Arts Entertainment; Universal Television.

Note: Format the names of executive producers the same way you would format the editors of a book. Separate the names of production companies with a semicolon.