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References: Articles

Journal Article

Journal Includes DOI

Format

Author’s Last Name, First Initial(s). (Publication Date). Title of article. Title of Journal, Volume Number(Issue Number), page numbers. doi number.

Example

Evans, L. (2010). Observations on the changing language of accounting. Accounting History, 15(4), 439-462. doi:10.1177/‌1032373210373619

Ryosuke, M. (2016). Palaeobiology: Born and gone in global warming. Current Biology, 26(11), R466–R468. http://dx.doi.org.proxy.davenport.edu/10.1016/j.cub.2016.04.014


Journal Without DOI

The format is the same as citing an article with a doi, except you include the homepage of the journal instead of the doi. You may have to perform a quick websearch to find this.

Format

Author's Last Name, First Initial(s). (Publication Date).  Title of article. Title of Journal, Volume Number(Issue Number), page numbers.  Retrieved from url.

Example

Broida, R. (2013, July). Uninstall unwanted apps in Windows 8. PC World, 31(7), 94.  Retrieved from https://www.pcworld.com


Print Journal

Format

Author’s Last Name, First Initial(s). (Publication date). Title of article. Title of Journal, Volume Number(Issue Number), page numbers.

Example

Fine, M. A., & Kurdek, L. A. (1993). Reflections on determining authorship credit and authorship order on faculty-student collaborations.  American Psychologist, 48(7), 1141-1147.


Case Study

Cite a case study like a journal article.

Optional: clarify it by adding brackets after the title:

...Title of article [Case study]. Title of Journal...

Unusual Database

Advertising Age Datacenter

Format

Individual or Group Author. (date). Title of document or report.  Retrieved from http://www.adage.com

Examples

Advertising Age. (2016, June). Marketer trees 2016. Retrieved from http://www.adage.com

Advertising Age, & RBC Capital Markets. (2016, September). Survey of advertising professionals attitudes toward online advertising.  Retrieved from http://www.adage.com

In-Text Citations

Example 1: (Advertising Age, 2016)

Example 2: (Advertising Age & RBC Capital Markets, 2016)

Business Insights Global

Company Report

Format

Name of Company [Company Report]. (date). Retrieved retrieval date, from Business Insights Global database.

Example

General Motors Co. [Company Report]. (2016). Retrieved December 15, 2016, from Business Insights Global database.


Comparison Chart

Format

Name of chart: List of companies, countries, or industries [Comparison Chart]. (date). Retrieved retrieval date, from Business Insights Global database.

Example

Revenue by company: General Motors Co and Ford Motor Co. [Comparison Chart]. (2016). Retrieved December 15, 2016, from Business Insights Global database.

In-Text Citation

Company Report Example: (General Motors Co., 2016)

Comparison Chart Example: (Revenue by Company, 2016)


Demographics Now

Format

Name of report: Name of geographic region(s) [Explanatory Note]. (date). Retrieved retrieval date, from Demographics Now database.

Example

Demographic snapshot comparison: 48906 Lansing, 48910 Lansing, 48911 Lansing, 48912 Lansing, 48915 Lansing, 48917 Lansing, 48933 Lansing [Demographic Data]. (2016). Retrieved December 15, 2016, from Demographics Now database.

In-Text Citation

Example: (Demographic Snapshot Comparison, 2016)


eStatement Studies

Format

NAICS code [Industry Data]. (date). Retrieved retrieval date, from eStatement Studies database.

Example

325510 – Paint and coating manufacturing [Industry Data]. (2016). Retrieved December 15, 2016, from eStatement Studies database.

In-Text Citation

Example: (325510 - Paint and Coating, 2016)


IBISWorld

Format

Report Author. (date). Report title (Report number). Retrieved from IBISWorld database.

Example

Fernandez, C. (2019, June). Paint manufacturing in the US (US Industry Report 32551). Retrieved from IBISWorld database.

In-Text Citation

Example: (Fernandez, 2019)


KBR

Format

Name of Report [Explanatory Note]. (Year of Publication). Retrieved from url.

Example

SIC 10-metal mining [Industry Report]. (2015). Retrieved from http://mergentkbr.com/index.php/reports/industry

832447812 – General Motors Company [Company Report]. (2015). Retrieved from http://mergentkbr.com/index.php/reports/companyFinancials/832447812

In-Text Citation

Example 1: (SIC 10-Metal Mining, 2015)

Example 2: (832447812 - General Motors Company, 2015)


Mergent Online and Mergent Intellect

Format

Name of Company [Company Report]. (date). Retrieved retrieval date, from Mergent Online or Mergent Intellect database.

Example

Steelcase Inc. [Company Report]. (2016). Retrieved December 15, 2016, from Mergent Online database.

In-Text Citation

Example: (Steelcase Inc., 2016)


Mintel

Format

Analyst’s last name, First initial. (Publication date). Title of report [Industry Report]. Retrieved from Mintel Oxygen database.

Example

Sisel, E. (2016, September). Coffee – US [Industry Report]. Retrieved from Mintel Oxygen database.

In-Text Citation

Example: (Sisel, 2016)


Opposing Viewpoints and Global Issues In Context - Topic Overviews

Format

Name of topic [Topic Overview]. (Publication Year). Retrieved from database name.

Examples

Body image [Topic Overview]. (2016). Retrieved from Opposing Viewpoints in Context database.

Cyberbullying [Topic Overview]. (2016). Retrieved from Global Issues in Context database.

In-Text Citation

Example 1: (Body Image, 2016)

Example 2: (Cyberbullying, 2016)


Standard & Poor’s

Format

Name of report [Explanatory Note if necessary]. (date). Retrieved retrieval date, from S&P Net­Advantage database.

Examples

Herman Miller, Inc. (NasdaqGS:MLHR) public company profile. (2017). Retrieved January 27, 2017, from S&P Net­Advantage database.

Government debt interest rates overview. (2017). Retrieved January 27, 2017, from S&P Net­Advantage database.

In-Text Citation

Example 1: (Herman Miller, Inc., 2017)

Example 2: (Government Debt Interest Rates, 2017)


See Journal Articles with DOI if your article includes a doi.

Magazine Article

Cite magazine articles like you cite journal articles, except include the month (and day if applicable) in the publication date.

Examples:

Journal Publication Date
(2016)
Magazine Publication Dates
(2016, June) or (2016, June 21)

Newspaper Article

Online Newspaper Article

Format

Author’s Last Name, First Initial(s). (Publication Date). Title of article.  Title of newspaper.  Retrieved from url

Example

Thompson, C. (2010, December 9). GM to help Hawaii get hydrogen fuel stations. Detroit Free Press. Retrieved from https://www.freep.com/


Print Newspaper Article

Format

Author’s Last Name, First Initial(s). (Publication Date). Title of article. Title of Newspaper, page numbers.

Example

Samuelson, R. J. (2003, September 22). The creaky job machine. The Detroit News, p. A44.


Letter to the Editor

Review

See Purdue OWL's Review (APA example).