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APA Help (7th Ed)

References: Articles

Journal Article

Article Includes DOI

Format

Author’s Last Name, First Initial(s). (Date). Article title. Publication Title, Volume Number(Issue Number), pages. DOI

Example

Segev, E., Nissenbaum, A., Stolero, N., & Shifman, L. (2015). Families and networks of internet memes: The relationship between cohesiveness, uniqueness, and quiddity concreteness. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 20(4), 417-433. https://DOI.org/10.1111/jcc4.12120


Article With URL, Not DOI

Format

Author’s Last Name, First Initial(s). (Date). Title. Publication Title. URL

Example

Akin, D., & Huang, L. M. (2019). Perceptions of college students with disabilities. Journal of Postsecondary Education and Disability, 32(1), 21-33. https://www.ahead.org/professional-resources/publications/jped/archived-jped/jped-volume-32


Print Article (or Article Without DOI or URL)

In most cases, this will be an article you retrieved from a database that does not have a DOI assigned to it.

Format

Author’s Last Name, First Initial(s). (Date). Article title. Publication Title, Volume Number(Issue Number), page numbers.

Example

Peet, L. (2020, February). Faculty textbook affordability survey. Library Journal, 145(2), 10.


Article with an Article/eLocator Number

Format

Author’s Last Name, First Initial(s). (Date). Article title. Publication Title, Volume Number(Issue Number), article or eLocator number. DOI

Example

Goldstein, J. A., & Prasad, V. (2015). Disease specific productivity of American cancer hospitals. PLoS ONE, 10(3), e0121233. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0121233


Case Study

Cite a case study like a journal article.

Optional: clarify it by adding brackets after the title:

...Title of article [Case study]. Title of Journal...

Unusual Database

Advertising Age Datacenter

Format

Individual or Group Author. (date). Title of document or report. Advertising Age. http://www.adage.com

Example

Advertising Age Datacenter. (2018, August 7). Hispanic fact pack 2018. Advertising Age. http://www.adage.com

In-Text Citation

Example 1: (Advertising Age Datacenter, 2018)

Business Insights: Global

Company Profile

Format

Name of Company [Company Profile]. (date). Business Insights: Global. Retrieved retrieval date, from URL of database homepage

Example

General Motors Co. [Company Report]. (2020). Business Insights Global. Retrieved June 2, 2020, from https://www.gale.com/c/business-insights-global

In-Text Citation

Example: (“General Motors Co.,” 2020)


Comparison Chart

Format

Name of chart: List of companies, countries, or industries [Comparison Chart]. (date). Business Insights Global. Retrieved retrieval date, from URL of database homepage

Example

Revenue by company: General Motors Co and Ford Motor Co. [Comparison Chart]. (2020). Business Insights Global. Retrieved June 2, 2020, from https://www.gale.com/c/business-insights-global

In-Text Citation

Example: (“Revenue by Company,” 2020)


eStatement Studies

Format

NAICS code [Industry Data]. (date). RMA eStatement Studies. Retrieved retrieval date, from URL of database homepage

Example

3238320 - Painting and Wall Covering Contractors [Industry Data]. (2019). RMA eStatement Studies. Retrieved June 3, 2020, from https://www.rmahq.org/estatement-studies/

In-Text Citation

Example: (3238320 - Painting and Wall Covering Contractors, 2019)


Demographics Now

Format

Name of report: Name of geographic region(s) [Explanatory Note]. (date). Gale Business: Demographics Now. Retrieved retrieval date, from URL of database homepage

Example

Business comparison: 48906 Lansing, 48910 Lansing, 48911 Lansing, 48912 Lansing, 48915 Lansing, 48917 Lansing, 48933 Lansing [Demographic Data]. (2019). Gale Business: Demographics Now. Retrieved June 2, 2020, from https://www.gale.com/c/business-demographicsnow

In-Text Citation

Example: (“Business Comparison,” 2019)


Gale In Context Databases - Topic Overview

Format

No Author Given

Name of topic [Topic Overview]. (Publication Year). Name of Database. URL of database homepage

Author Given

Author’s last name, First initial(s). (Publication Year). Name of topic [Topic Overview]. Name of Database. URL of database homepage

Examples

Cyberbullying [Topic Overview]. (2020). Gale In Context: Global Issues. https://www.gale.com/c/in-context-global-issues

Lerner, K. L. (2019). Designer babies [Topic Overview]. Gale In Context: Science. https://www.gale.com/c/in-context-science

In-Text Citations

Example 1: (Cyberbullying, 2020)

Example 2: (Lerner, 2019)


IBISWorld

Format

Report Author. (date). Report title (Report number). IBISWorld. URL of database homepage

Example

Fernandez, C. (2020, March). Paint manufacturing in the US (US Industry Report 32551). IBISWorld. https://my.ibisworld.com/

In-Text Citation

Example: (Fernandez, 2020)


KBR

Format

Name of Report [Explanatory Note]. (Year of Publication). Dun & Bradstreet Key Business Ratios. URL of database homepage

Example

SIC: 10-metal mining [Industry Report]. (2018). Dun & Bradstreet Key Business Ratios. https://www.mergentkbr.com/

In-Text Citation

Example 1: (SIC: 10-Metal Mining, 2018)


Mergent Online and Mergent Intellect

Format

Name of Company [Company Report]. (date). Mergent Online or Mergent Intellect. Retrieved retrieval date, from URL of database homepage.

Example

Steelcase Inc. [Company Report]. (2020). Mergent Online. Retrieved June 4, 2020, from https://www.mergentonline.com/login.php

In-Text Citation

Example: (Steelcase Inc., 2020)


Mintel

Format

Analyst’s last name, First initial. (Publication date). Title of report [Industry Report]. Mintel. URL of database homepage

Example

Failla, J. (2019, July). Coffee – US [Industry Report]. Mintel. https://www.mintel.com/

In-Text Citation

Example: (Failla, 2019)


Sport Market Analytics

Data or Table

Format

Author. (Date). Title [Data or Table]. Sports Market Analytics. Retrieved Retrieval date from URL of database homepage

Example

National Sporting Goods Association. (n.d.). Youth sports: Ages 7-17 as % of participants, by sport [Data]. Sports Market Analytics. Retrieved August 12, 2020 from https://www.sportsmarketanalytics.com/home.aspx

In-Text Citation

(National Sporting Goods Association, n.d.)


Articles or Reports

Format

Title. (Date). Name of Article Series. URL of database homepage

Example

Nike employees march at headquarters for women’s rights. (2019, December 10). SGB Update. https://www.sportsmarketanalytics.com/home.aspx

In-Text Citation

(Nike Employees, 2019)


Most articles in SMA do not have authors listed. When that happens, the title goes in the Author position.

Standard & Poor’s

Format

Name of report [Explanatory Note if necessary]. (date). Standard & Poor’s NetAdvantage. Retrieved retrieval date, from S&P Net­Advantage database.

Example

Herman Miller, Inc. (NasdaqGS:MLHR) public company profile. (2020). Standard & Poor’s NetAdvantage. Retrieved June 4, 2020, from https://www.capitaliq.com/CIQDotNet/my/dashboard.aspx

In-Text Citation

Example: (Herman Miller, Inc., 2020)


See Journal Articles with DOI if your article includes a doi.

Magazine Article

Cite magazine articles like you cite journal article, except include the month (and day if applicable) in the publication date.

Examples:

Journal Publication Date
(2016)
Magazine Publication Dates
(2016, June) or (2016, June 21)

Newspaper Article

Online Newspaper Article

Format

Author’s Last Name, First Initial(s). (Publication Date). Title of article. Title of newspaper. url

Example

Lawrence, E. D. (2020, October 25). Helping cars see better at night is key to reducing pedestrian dealths. Detroit Free Press. https://www.freep.com/story/money/cars/2020/10/25/deadliest-crashes-pedestrians-night-thermal-cameras/5917940002/


Print Newspaper Article

Format

Author’s Last Name, First Initial(s). (Publication Date). Title of article. Title of Newspaper, page numbers.

Example

Samuelson, R. J. (2003, September 22). The creaky job machine. The Detroit News, A44.


Editorial

Format

Cite as an article, but add the [Editorial] after the article title.

Example

Tompkins, L. S. (1997). Of cats, humans, and bartonella [Editorial]. New England Journal of Medicine, 337(26), 1916-1917.


Letter to the Editor

Review

See Purdue OWL's Review (APA example).